Report post likereply 3 1 i strongly believe that animal testing should be banned firstly, animal testing is basically unethical, immoral and cruel india's famous independence activist, mohandas gandhi claimed that the greatness if a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated. You cannot talk about utilitarian theory and not mention peter singer – who has been very influential in the animal rights field and the debate concerning animals and ethics the publication of his landmark book animal liberation in 1975 sparked the beginning of a growing and increasingly powerful movement in both the united states and europe. Animal testing is a highly prominent topic in today’s society animal testing ethicacy has been under debate for many decades and is likely to be at the forefront of ethical concern for many years to come. Benefits of animal research in the late 1940s, polio crippled and killed thousands of people around the world every year polio reached a peak in the united states in 1952, with over 21,000 paralytic cases. Animal testing, science, medicine, animal welfare, animal rights, ethics animal testing , also known as animal experimentation , animal research and in vivo testing , is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under study.
The balance between the rights of animals and their use in biomedical research is a delicate issue with huge societal implications the debate over whether and how scientists should use animal models has been inflammatory, and the opposing viewpoints are difficult to reconcile. Make reasonable efforts to minimize the discomfort, infection, illness and pain of animal subjects use a procedure subjecting animals to pain, stress or privation only when an alternative procedure is unavailable and the goal is justified by its prospective scientific, educational or applied value. Whatever benefits animal experimentation is thought to hold in store for us, those very same benefits could be obtained through experimenting on humans instead of animals.
Animal testing on the basis of specific examples and explanations of scientific methods, we endeavour to explain the principles of experimental animal re- search and thereby provide a contribution to a more objective debate on the. Footnotes & sources for animal testing u nderstand t he i ssues u nderstand e ach o ther menu cuba embargo - should the united states maintain its embargo against cuba us drones strikes overseas - should the united states continue its use the rhetorics of animal rights, applied ethics in animal research: philosophy, regulation. The top 10 animals rights issues, based on effects on animals, the numbers of animals affected, and the numbers of people involved every animal use and abuse stems from the treatment of animals as human property - to be used and killed for human purposes, no matter how trivial from a current.
Animal research ethics publications the nhmrc provides support and advice on animal ethics, including guidelines and information for animal ethics committees and researchers these guidelines should be read in conjunction with the australian code for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes 8th edition (2013). Two central questions about the ethics of animal testing are whether animals have rights and, if they do, whether those rights should be protected the principles of replacement, reduction, and refinement are used to guide more ethical use of animals in testing and research. The research defence society (rds london, uk), an organization representing doctors and scientists in the debate on the use of animals in research and testing, welcomes the greater openness that the foi act brings to discussions about animal research. However, animal safety testing has become the default standard for the fda, and the fda industry guidance for preclinical drug testing states that the agency will “generally ask” for toxicity test results using at least two species of animals.
Background and context animal testing or animal research is the use of non-human animals in scientific experimentation it is estimated that 50 to 100 million vertebrate animals worldwide — from zebrafish to non-human primates — are used annually. Foreword the issues addressed in this report have been a subject of intense public debate over at least the past four hundred years feelings are strong on all sides of the issues, and in recent years reports. Animals and ethics so although the action may not infringe any rightsit remains wrong independently of its effect on any animal lover (carruthers, 1992: 153-54) if being cruel to an animal will make us more likely to be cruel to other human beings, we ought not be cruel to animals if being grateful to animal will help us in being. 1/ animal testing is unreliable my point is the statistic pro presented does not back up his argument of unreliability i will repeat my counter example in round 1 here: 1000 drugs need to go through two tests 900 fail the first test and only 100 are allowed to take the second test, then 92 fail and only 8 pass.
Opponents of animal testing say that it is cruel and inhumane to experiment on animals, that alternative methods available to researchers can replace animal testing, and that animals are so different from human beings that research on animals often yields irrelevant results. Ethics dictate that the value of each life in and of itself cannot be superseded by its potential value to anyone else additionally, money wasted on experiments on animals is money that could instead be helping people, through the use of modern, human-relevant non-animal tests. Gleevec is a success of rational drug design and human-based drug testing -- a life-prolonging success that would have been lost if the results of animal research had prevailed.